By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics enable for the selective separation of fuel and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics examine and improvement keeps to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as serious elements in either sustainable strength and fresh functions. Membrane utilisation deals method simplification and intensification in undefined, supplying reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discount rates and effort defense. complicated membrane technology and know-how for sustainable power and environmental functions offers a entire overview of membrane utilisation and integration inside strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technology and engineering, from the basics of membrane approaches and separation to membrane characterization and monetary research. half makes a speciality of membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) catch in coal and gasoline strength vegetation, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 experiences membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters protecting hydrocarbon gasoline, common fuel and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complicated biofuels construction. half 4 covers membranes for replacement power purposes and effort garage, equivalent to membrane know-how for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen creation. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its individual editors and group of specialist members, complicated membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable strength and environmental functions is an important reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers drawn to this field.
- Presents a entire evaluate of membrane technological know-how and expertise, targeting advancements and functions in sustainable power and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane strategies and separation and membrane characterization and monetary analysis
- Addresses the major problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel energy crops and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for substitute strength functions and membrane utilisation in business and environmental applications
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Additional info for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
5 Zinc oxide nanoparticles Another applicable nanoparticle used in modifying membranes is nano-zinc oxide (ZnO). , 2012; Hong & He, 2012). Moreover, ZnO nanoparticles are more economical than some other nanoparticles such as TiO2 and Al2O3 nanoparticles. , 2012). , 2012). Balta et al. 750, 1, 2, and 4 wt%). The ZnO-blended membranes showed a lower decline in ﬂux and better permeability compared with pristine membrane owing to the signiﬁcantly higher hydrophilicity of nanocomposite membranes even at ultra-low concentrations of ZnO nanoparticles.
2013) and Daraei, Madaeni, Ghaemi, Khadivi, et al. (2013) studied the effects of blending polymer-modiﬁed MWCNTs and PES membranes and compared the results with acid-functionalized MWCNTs. They modiﬁed acid functionalized MWCNTs using three hydrophilic polymers through an in situ polymerization reaction. , 2013). The CNT-mixed membranes were fabricated using the phase inversion precipitation method. Although this treatment process caused a higher pure water ﬂux with unchanged protein retention by adding a constant amount of PAA and PAAm-modiﬁed MWCNT into the membrane matrix, the best antifouling performance was shown by the membrane containing PCA-modiﬁed MWCNT.
Extensive efforts have been implemented to improve both ﬂux and selectivity and reduce membrane fouling as the most important problem in application of membranes. To eliminate obstacles and decrease the problems in membrane use, much research and numerous studies have been conducted to develop new materials and methods for fabricating and modifying polymeric membranes. This chapter covers the most recent and applicable achievements regarding the preparation, modiﬁcation, and performance of polymeric membranes for water treatment.
Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications by Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes